This article takes notes on how to pronounce English reductions.
Table of Contents
1. English ‘slang’
GONNA [‘ɡɔnə] = going to
I’m gonna watch TV tonight.
(it’s necessary to use ‘BE’ – I’m gonna, you’re gonna, he’s gonna…)
WANNA [‘wɒnə] = want to
I wanna hold your hand.
He wanna eat.
(Grammatically is correct ‘WANTS TO’. However, if you are using ‘slang’ you can use WANNA)
GOTTA [‘gɒtə] = have got to
I gotta go.
He’s gotta learn.
(You can use is also with HAVE. These are not so usual, but you can hear them.)
OUGHTA [‘ɔːtə] = ought to
You oughta know.
GIMME [‘ɡɪmi] = give me/give it to me
LEMME [‘lemi] = let me
Lemme see that.
WHATCHA [‘wɒtʃə] = what are you
Whatcha gonna do?
DUNNO [də’no] = I don’t know
SHOULDA = should have, COULDA [‘kʊdə] = could have, WOULDA = would have
I shoulda never gotten married.
It coulda been worse.
AIN’T [ent] = am not, are not, is not
This you can use for negative meaning of BE, HAVE
I ain’t gonna do it. = I’m not going to do it.
I ain’t done it. = I haven’t done it.
He ain’t listening. = He isn’t listening.
She ain’t got the money to buy it. = She hasn’t got the money to buy it.
He ain’t got no money. = He hasn’t got any money.
You ain’t nobody. = You aren’t anybody.
(Only with this word you can use in ‘slang’ 2 negatives in one sentence. Of course, it’s not grammatically correct.)
CUZ [kəz], ‘COS, ‘CAUSE = because
Of is a preposition and prepositions are functional words. Functional words are the words that generally be unstressed on the sentence. In this particular case, the words may also be reduced which means one of sounds will be changed or be adjusted.
(1)[ə] before a consonant
It’s one of my [wʌn ə maɪ] favorites.
KINDA [‘kaɪndə] = kind of
I kinda like it.
He’s kinda funny.
LOTSA [‘lɔtsə] = lots of
It needs lotsa work.
OUTTA [‘aʊtə] = out of
I’m outta here.
We’re outta time.
(2)[əv] before a vowel, v can help link two words together
A lot of offices [ə lɒd əv ɔfɪsɪz] have the same policy.
It’s part of a bigger plan.
(3)of them [əv əm] 或 [ə ðəm]
It’s one of the best videos I’ve seen.
3. Reductions formed
whassup = what + is + up
Hey, what is up?
whatser = what + is + her
What is her name?
whatsiz = what + is + his
What is his name?
gimme [‘ɡɪmi] = give + me
Please gimme the book.
Please give me the book.
lemme [‘lemi] = let + me
Please lemme go with you.
Please let me go with you.
betcha [‘betʃə] = bet + you
Betcha can’t eat just one.
Bet you can’t eat just one.
doncha = don’t + you
Doncha think that exam was hard.
Don’t you think that exam was hard.
getcha = get + you
I’m planning to getcha some new clothes.
I’m planning to get you some new clothes.
gotcha = got + you
I already gotcha some new clothes.
I already got you some new clothes.
howarya = how + are + you
Howarya doing today?
How are you doing today?
howdya = how + do + you
Howdya make delicious sushi?
How do you make delicious sushi?
howjya = how + did + you
Howjya get the money for school?
How did you get the money for school?
howujya = how + would + you
Howujya get the answer to this problem.
How would you get the answer to this problem.
jya = did + you
Jya go to class today?
Did you go to class today?
waddaya = what + are + you
Waddaya doing tonight?
What are you doing tonight?
waddaya = what + do + you
Waddaya think of this restaurant?
What do you think of this restaurant?
wancha = want + you
I wancha to do your homework.
I want you to do your homework.
whajya = what + did + you
Whajya do today?
What did you do today?
whenjya = when + did + you
Whenjya decide to study English?
When did you decide to study English?
wherjya = where + did + you
Wherjya go today?
Where did you go today?
whojya = who + did + you
Whojya go to the park with today?
Who did you go to the park with today?
woujya = would + you
Woujya like to go to the movies tonight?
Would you like to go to the movies tonight?
coulda [‘kʊdə] = could + have
I coulda eaten one more donut.
I could have eaten one more donut.
mighta = might + have
I mighta gone to the party if she wasn’t going.
I might have gone to the party if she wasn’t going.
musta = must + have
She musta been really tired after working so many hours.
She must have been really tired after working so many hours.
shoulda = should + have
You really shoulda come with us.
You really should have come with us.
woulda would + have
I woulda come if I wasn’t working.
I would have come if I wasn’t working.
gonna = going + to
I’m gonna have to work every day next week.
I’m going to have to work every day next week.
gotta = got + to
I gotta get up early to go work.
I got to get up early to go work.
hafta = have + to
I hafta work overtime tonight.
I have to work overtime tonight.
hasta = has + to
She hasta work this weekend.
She has to work this weekend.
oughta = ought + to
You oughta find a better job.
You ought to find a better job.
wanna = want + to
I really wanna find a better job.
I really want to find a better job.
donno = do + not + know
I really donno the answer to the question.
I really don’t know the answer to the question.
dunno = do + not + know
I really dunno the answer to the question.
I really don’t know the answer to the question.
jeet = did + you + eat
Jeet lunch already?
Did you eat lunch already?
jev = did + you + have
Jev a nice day?
Did you have a nice day?
jever = did + you + ever
Jever want to be an English teacher?
Did you ever want to be an English teacher?
Blog: English ‘slang’
YouTube: How to Pronounce OF – American English Pronunciation
Blog: Reductions Lessons